Eye Health

10 November 2016

Like humans, bonobos become long-sighted as they age

A Japanese study found that wild bonobo apes started showing the symptoms of long-sightedness at around 40 years old.

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Just like humans, some primates start having difficulty seeing things up close as they age.

Similar behaviour in chimpanzees

Researchers reviewed photos of 14 wild bonobos as they groomed each other. The primates were between 11 and 45 years old. The older they were, the farther they stretched their arms as they groomed, the study reported.

The findings were published in the journal Current Biology.

"We found that wild bonobos showed the symptoms of long-sightedness around 40 years old," study author Heungjin Ryu, from the Primate Research Institute at Kyoto University in Japan, said in a journal news release.

"We were surprised that the pattern found in bonobos is strikingly similar to the pattern of modern humans," he said.

Read: Eye drops could cure cataracts and long-sightedness

There have also been anecdotal reports of similar behaviour in chimpanzees.

Long-sightedness might hinder the social lives of older bonobos and could explain why older individuals aren't favoured when it comes to selecting grooming partners, Ryu said.

He also noted that people who grow long-sighted with age also have difficulty seeing in the dark, something that could be a major challenge for the bonobos because they live in the shade of the rainforest canopy.

The findings suggest that long-sightedness in people isn't due to too much time spent reading or staring at a screen. Rather, it's a natural process of ageing from our evolutionary past, Ryu said.

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Optometrist

Megan Goodman qualified as an optometrist from the University of Johannesburg. She has recently completed a Masters degree in Clinical Epidemiology at Stellenbosch University. She has a keen interest in ocular pathology and evidence based medicine as well as contact lenses.

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