Eye Health

Updated 23 June 2015

Contact lens wearers' have different eye bacteria

The findings of a new study may explain why people who wear contact lenses are more prone to eye infections than non-contact lens wearers.


Changes in bacteria populations may be one reason why people who wear contact lenses are more prone to eye infections, a new study suggests.

Not a neutral act

"Our research clearly shows that putting a foreign object, such as a contact lens, on the eye is not a neutral act," senior study investigator Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello, a microbiologist at NYU Langone Medical Centre, said in a Langone news release.

"What we hope our future experiments will show is whether these changes in the eye microbiome of lens wearers are due to fingers touching the eye, or from the lens's direct pressure affecting and altering the immune system in the eye and what bacteria are suppressed or are allowed to thrive," she added.

Read: Symptoms of eye disease

For the study, researchers took samples from nine daily contact lens wearers and 11 others who didn't use contact lenses. They found that the types of bacteria in the eyes of the contact wearers more closely resembled those found on eyelid skin than in the eyes of those who don't use contacts.

Specifically, the researchers found that the eye surface had a greater variety of bacteria than the skin directly beneath the eye. They also found that the eyes of contact lens users had three times the usual levels of certain bacteria than the eyes of those who didn't use contact lenses.

More prone to eye infections

The findings were to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, in New Orleans. Findings presented at meetings are typically considered preliminary until they've been published in a peer-reviewed journal.

"These findings should help scientists better understand the longstanding problem of why contact-lens wearers are more prone to eye infections than non-lens wearers," Dominguez-Bello said.

Read: Treatment of eye disease

That understanding could lead to better ways of preventing eye infections in contact lens wearers, the researchers said.

Read More:

Increase in pollen may cause more cases of dry eye


How smartphones are revolutionising eye care in Africa

Image: Woman's eye with contact lens from Shutterstock

Copyright © 2016 HealthDay. All rights reserved.


Read Health24’s Comments Policy

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Ask the Expert


Megan Goodman qualified as an optometrist from the University of Johannesburg and is currently practising at Tygerberg Academic Hospital in Cape Town. She has recently completed a Masters degree in Clinical Epidemiology at Stellenbosch University. She has a keen interest in ocular pathology and evidence based medicine as well as contact lenses.

Still have a question?

Get free advice from our panel of experts

The information provided does not constitute a diagnosis of your condition. You should consult a medical practitioner or other appropriate health care professional for a physical exmanication, diagnosis and formal advice. Health24 and the expert accept no responsibility or liability for any damage or personal harm you may suffer resulting from making use of this content.

* You must accept our condition

Forum Rules