advertisement
Updated 22 May 2015

Thoracic outlet syndrome

Thoracic outlet syndrome is caused by compression of neck and arm nerves.

0

Description

Thoracic outlet syndrome consists of symptoms caused by compression of the nerves in the brachial plexus (nerves that pass into the arms from the neck) or blood vessels. Patients may have pain in the shoulder, arm or hand, or in all three locations.

The hand pain is often most severe in the fourth and fifth fingers. The pain is aggravated by the use of the arm and "fatigue" of the arm is often prominent.

Prognosis

The prognosis for the majority of individuals who receive therapy for thoracic outlet syndrome is good.

Treatment

The goals of treatment are two-fold: to correct postural abnormalities that might contribute to the compression and to establish an exercise program to strengthen the shoulder muscles.

Most often a conservative course of treatment is followed. If vascular or major neurological impairment is present, surgical decompression may be considered. However, only a small number of patients require surgery.

(Reviewed by Dr Andrew Rose-Innes, Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine)

 
advertisement

Get a quote

advertisement

Read Health24’s Comments Policy

Comment on this story
0 comments
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining

Live healthier

Up for grabs »

Raw pet food a risky choice New finding on pet food scare Why do wet dogs stink?

Win food for your pet

Stand a chance of winning a lazy bed and new Hill’s Ideal Balance dog food!

Cure your cough »

Diagnosing a chronic cough The most abused over-the-counter drug in SA Five of the weirdest things to cause a cough

Why are you coughing?

A cough can be a symptom of a wide variety of different health conditions, ranging from a foreign body to infective diseases and even cancer.