advertisement
Updated 22 May 2015

Pseudotumour cerebri

Pseudotumour cerebri is is caused by increased pressure within the brain.

0

Description

Pseudotumour Cerebri, also called Benign Intracranial Hypertension, literally means "false brain tumour". It is caused by increased pressure within the brain and is most common in young, obese females.

Symptoms

Symptoms of pseudotumour cerebri, which include headache, nausea, vomiting and pulsating intracranial noises, closely mimic symptoms of brain tumours, possibly because of the abnormal buildup of pressure within the brain.

Although the symptoms and findings associated with pseudotumour cerebri are similar to those that may occur due to certain brain tumours, no tumour is involved.

Prognosis

Once the diagnosis is made and the disorder is treated, pseudotumour cerebri generally has no serious consequences. If visual loss occurs, however, it may be permanent regardless of treatment. In some cases, pseudotumor cerebri recurs.

Treatment

Treatment for pseudotumour cerebri is generally symptomatic. Pressure may be controlled by removing excess fluid with repeated spinal taps or by shunting. Steroids may be prescribed to reduce swelling of brain tissue. Drugs to reduce cerebrospinal fluid production or hyperosmotic drugs may be used to reduce fluid buildup.

(Reviewed by Dr Andrew Rose-Innes, Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine

 
NEXT ON HEALTH24X
advertisement

Read Health24’s Comments Policy

Comment on this story
0 comments
Comments have been closed for this article.

Live healthier

Wasting water? »

South Africa is facing a water crisis Water saving tips Water quality report shocks

SEE: How much water do you use per day?

With level 4 water restrictions in Cape Town, residents are urged to use a maximum of 100 litres per person per day. Here’s how quickly it adds up.

Life saving tip! »

SEE: 10 things to keep in your first aid kit 10 first aid myths

Here's why you need a first aid kit in the car

Emergency services are often spread thin, especially when storms and major disasters strike. When travelling on the road, having a well-stocked first aid kit could be a lifesaver.