Who is at risk

There are a number of factors that increase your risk of developing diabetes. These include genetics, diet, weight and activity level.

Could you have diabetes without realising it?

3.6 million South Africans have diabetes and many more are living with diabetes but aren't aware of it because they aren't experiencing symptoms. This World Diabetes Day, know what's putting you at risk and why you should get screened.

Diabetes, TB and HIV/Aids

Few people realise that there are interactions between diabetes, TB and HIV/Aids, and that their treatments increase the negative impact of all three conditions.

Who gets type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes usually begins before the age of 40, the peak incidence being around 14. Most people who have diabetes have type 2 diabetes (between 80 and 90%).

Facts about pre-diabetes

Before most people are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, they have pre-diabetes – a condition in which the blood glucose levels are higher than normal.

Diabetes and our Indian population

Diabetes is a growing problem among the South African Indian population, and in India more than 30 million people are estimated to be diabetic.

Insulin resistance and diabetes

There is a rising incidence of type 2 diabetes in the same populations affected by obesity and coronary artery disease, since type 2 diabetes is also a disease of lifestyle.

Who gets type 2 diabetes?

Certain population groups have a much higher incidence of diabetes than others. But there are also general risk factors to take into consideration.

Do you have pre-diabetes?

Two different tests are used to find out whether you have pre-diabetes. The first one is the fasting plasma glucose test and the other the oral glucose tolerance test.

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Ask the Expert

Diabetes expert

Dr. May currently works as a fulltime endocrinologist and has been in private practice since 2004. He has a variety of interests, predominantly obesity and diabetes, but also sees patients with osteoporosis, thyroid disorders, men's health disorders, pituitary and adrenal disorders, polycystic ovaries, and disorders of growth. He is a leading member of several obesity and diabetes societies and runs a trial centre for new drugs.

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