Updated 02 February 2017

Diabetes management in children

Children don’t like injections, so the prospect of daily injections and often more than one, is not pleasant.


Furthermore, having your fingers pricked a few times a day is also not pleasant. Diabetic children have to learn to deal with both these daily procedures.

In type 2 diabetes, the treatment centres on the control of blood sugar through nutritional intake and medication. Type 1 diabetes requires daily doses of insulin.

Equipment needed for daily blood glucose testing include a glucose meter, a lancing device, glucose meter strips a pricker, insulin, insulin syringes, alcohol and cotton.

There are new developments in the field of diabetes management – most notably non-invasive blood glucose technology, where blood glucose can be measured without pricking the skin. This is done by means of an infrared light which is focused on a person’s finger for about half a minute. By studying the emerging light, the concentration of glucose can be measured.

The circumvention of the necessity for daily injections is also a focus of research into diabetes management.

However, many of these new devices are still in the testing stages, but as a result of their high cost, will not really be a viable option to many diabetics within South Africa. It is nevertheless advisable to ask the doctor about any new developments. - (Health24, updated February 2010)


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