Diabetes

Diabetes and other organs

Recognising diabetic complications

All diabetics do not develop complications. If the blood sugar levels are carefully controlled, in both types 1 and 2 diabetes, complications may never develop.

Diabetes and the brain

When nerve damage takes place, the nerves that control sensation, are damaged. This can lead to loss of sensation in that part of the body or to unsteadiness, pain and numbness.

Diabetes and gangrene

Peripheral arterial disease caused by atherosclerosis is more likely to affect diabetics and can lead to strokes and gangrene.

Diabetes and the heart

Having diabetes increases your risk of having heart disease or stroke. Although there is no cure for diabetes, you can still avoid complications and enjoy a long, productive life.

Diabetes and your kidneys

Kidney problems result from damage to the blood vessels in the kidneys. High or heavily fluctuating blood sugar levels, can cause this damage called nephropathy.

Diabetes and the circulatory system

When blood glucose levels become uncontrolled, and the glucose levels in the blood remain dangerously high, the blood vessels in certain parts of the body become damaged.

Diabetes and the eye

When left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness in diabetics. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness among adults between the ages of 16 and 74.

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Ask the Expert

Diabetes expert

Dr. May currently works as a fulltime endocrinologist and has been in private practice since 2004. He has a variety of interests, predominantly obesity and diabetes, but also sees patients with osteoporosis, thyroid disorders, men's health disorders, pituitary and adrenal disorders, polycystic ovaries, and disorders of growth. He is a leading member of several obesity and diabetes societies and runs a trial centre for new drugs.

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