Home > Medical > Diabetes Diabetes All sections in Diabetes » About Diabetes » Diabetes & other Organs » Diabetes and Pregnancy » Diabetes and the Elderly » Children & Teens » Diet and Obesity » FAQs » Health Tips » Living with Diabetes » Multimedia » Diabetes News » Real-life Story » Support Groups » The Glycaemic Index » Treatment: Type 1 » Treatment: Type 2 » What to do in a crisis » Who is at risk High-salt diets can cause heart woes in diabetics In a Japanese study heart disease risk jumped nearly 10-fold for people with poorly managed type 2 diabetes and a diet with excess salt. New test makes diabetes diagnosis cheaper and faster Weight associated with diabetes differs by ethnicity Smartwatches may soon monitor blood sugar Progress made on a 'bionic pancreas' for diabetics See All Diabetes News » Diabetes Overview Treating type 2 diabetes What is Diabetes? Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic conditions in the world and occurs when the body fails to process glucose correctly. Many South Africans have diabetes, but a large number remain undiagnosed. Type 1 diabetes is a progressive autoimmune disease that is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, whereas type 2 diabetes is mostly caused by unhealthy lifestyle and usually starts in adulthood. Some women can also develop signs of diabetes while they are pregnant - this is called gestational diabetes. It is possible to live a healthy life with diabetes, if you learn to recognise the symptoms of diabetes early, receive proper medical care and make healthy lifestyle changes. Take Action Quiz Assess your diabetes risk » Ask Diabetes expert » Check Glycaemic index tool » Quiz Am I eating right for my diabetes? » 'Let it go' - a diabetic parody of Frozen's theme song A snapshot of diabetes in SA advertisement About diabetes Diabetes: type 1 Diabetes: type 2 Prevalence of diabetes in South Africa Could you have diabetes and not know it? See All About diabetes » Diabetes and pregnancy Blood sugar key to pregnancy Gestational diabetes and your baby Gestational diabetes mellitus and exercise Gestational diabetes explained See All Diabetes and pregnancy » Diabetes diet and obesity Dishing up the facts on diabetes You can still enjoy the sweet things in life Insulin resistance and weight loss: does antagolin work? Sugary drinks could fuel diabetes See All Diabetes diet and obesity » FAQs Are there different types of diabetes? Can diabetes be fatal? Can diabetes cause blindness and amputations? Do all diabetics get insulin injections? See All FAQs » Living with diabetes I've got diabetes: what now? Keep an eye on diabetes What Is Diabetic Neuropathy? Diabetic Foot Care See All Living with diabetes » Support groups Diabetes South Africa Network See All Support groups » Tools Could I be insulin resistant? Assess your blood sugar levels Am I eating correctly to stabilise my blood sugar levels? Am I eating right for my diabetes? See All Tools » Treatment type 2 New class of meds offers hope for diabetics Promising new treatments for diabetes on horizon Treatment plan: type 2 diabetes See All Treatment type 2 » Who is at risk Pre-diabetes: could you have it? Diabetes, TB and HIV/Aids Insulin resistance and diabetes Who gets type 1 diabetes? See All Who is at risk » Diabetes and other organs Recognising diabetic complications Diabetes and your kidneys Diabetes and the brain Diabetes and the circulatory system See All Diabetes and other organs » Diabetes and the elderly Diabetes and other health problems Diabetes management in the elderly See All Diabetes and the elderly » Diabetes in children and teens Tips for teachers with diabetic kids in the class Easy carb counting for kids with diabetes Dealing with childhood diabetes Diabetic kids in the classroom See All Diabetes in children and teens » Health tips 5 ways to manage diabetes See All Health tips » Real-life story 'Diet and exercise cured my diabetes' Isidingo's Ma Agnes: my life with diabetes Life with diabetes: I want to live until I'm 105 Gestational diabetes: twins on board See All Real-life story » The glycaemic index The glycaemic index The glycaemic load GI values of common foods Glycaemic index: unresolved issues See All The glycaemic index » Treatment type 1 The Oscar trial witnesses: awful, pompous and condescending UKZN scientists develop a new diabetes controlling skin patch Inhaled medication Afrezza approved to treat diabetes The different types of insulin See All Treatment type 1 » What to do in a crisis First aid for diabetics Diabetic comas You and your child’s diabetic friend See All What to do in a crisis » From our sponsors A number of good reasons why saving the tooth is a better option Breakfast like a King Alzheimer’s disease – incurable but preventable Cancer is a word that strikes fear into the hearts of many.