Depression

Updated 23 June 2014

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Is there something like PMS?

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During the last week before menstruating, for most of the menstrual cycles occurring during the course of a year, there have been at least five of the following symptoms which have disappeared shortly after commencing menstruation:

  • Significantly low mood;
  • Marked anxiety or a feeling of being on edge;
  • Fluctuating moods - suddenly feeling sad, rejected or tearful;
  • Feeling persistently angry or irritable;
  • Loss of interests in usual activities;
  • Difficulty concentrating;
  • Decreased energy or feeling of fatigue;
  • Altered appetite, usually increased with cravings;
  • Significantly increased or decreased sleep;
  • A feeling of being out of control;
  • Physical symptoms such as abdominal bloating, headaches, breast tenderness, joint or muscle pain and weight gain.

In order for the problem to be considered a disorder there has to be a significant disturbance in functioning.

Read more:
Depression in women
Happy event? When motherhood hurts

 

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Depression expert

Michael Simpson has been a senior psychiatric academic, researcher, and Professor in several countries, having worked at London University in the UK; McMaster University in Canada; Temple University in Philadelphia, USA.; and the University of Natal in South Africa.

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