Carbocisteine is the active ingredient of Betaphlem, Bronchette, Co-Flem, Flemex, Flemgo, Flemlite, Lessmusec, Mucoflem, Mucolinct and Mucospect.
Carbocisteine is a mucolytic, a substance that assists in breaking up mucus in the airways. It is used as adjunctive therapy in respiratory tract disorders associated with thick mucus in the absence of an infection.
It is often prescribed in the treatment of bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, reducing mucus viscosity, allowing the sufferer to bring up mucus more easily. This medication is furthermore applied as a frontline treatment in the treatment of paracetamol poisoning.
Carbocisteine should be used with great care in patients with stomach ulcers.
Drug schedule: schedule 2
Available as: carbocisteine is available as capsules, syrup
What does it do? carbocisteine thins mucus in the airways
Overdose risk: low
Dependence risk: low
Is carbocisteine available as a generic? yes
Is carbocisteine available on prescription only? no
Dietary advice: This medication should best be taken with meals to prevent gastrointestinal effects.
Stopping this medicine: This medication can be safely stopped when no longer needed.
Prolonged use: Carbocisteine is generally not used for prolonged periods of time.
Consult your doctor before using this drug if you have or had a stomach ulcer
Pregnancy: Avoid. Potential risk to the foetus has been reported. Consult your doctor before use, or if you are planning to fall pregnant.
Breastfeeding: Avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your baby. Consult your doctor before use.
Porphyria: Avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your condition. Consult your doctor before use.
Infants and children: Safety and efficacy of this medication have not been established for children under the age of 2.
Elderly: No special precautions need to be taken.
Driving and hazardous work: Caution is advised as use of this medication may lead to dizziness. Avoid such activities until you know how this medication affects you.
Alcohol: Avoid concomitant use of alcohol with this medication as it may intensify gastrointestinal side effects.
Possible side effects
Consult your doctor
Only if severe
In all cases
skin rash/ itching
black tarry stools
Use with caution if you have or had a stomach ulcer.
A small overdose is no cause for concern. In case of an intentional large overdose, seek emergency medical attention. Symptoms may include nausea, diarrhoea, headache, dizziness and palpitations.
Adults: 1.5-2.25 g per day divided in 3 doses
2-5 years: 62.5-125 mg 4 times a day
6-12: 250 mg 3 times a day
This material is not intended to substitute medical advice, but is for informational purposes only. Please consult a physician for specific treatment and recommendations.