Home > Medical > Cholesterol > Cholesterol explained Cholesterol explained All sections in Cholesterol » Blood Lipids » Cholesterol Explained » Fats in your Diet » Cholesterol News » Cholesterol Treatment Reality check Ian Scher (57), CEO of Rescue South Africa, aids in disasters such as the recent Pakistan earthquake. It was a shock when he found out he had heart disease. Understand the cholesterol numbers What do the different cholesterol levels mean? Here is a list of suggested interventions based on the results of total cholesterol and HDL levels. Heart disease – the risk factors Almost all cases of coronary heart disease are due to atherosclerosis, either directly or indirectly. A variety of factors, often acting together, are associated with this. Ask CyberDoc » Quiz Could you have high cholesterol? » Quiz Is your diet heart-healthy? » Ask Cardiologist » 10 salty food culprits 10 foods with hidden fat Hypercholesterolaemia High cholesterol, or hypercholesterolaemia, is a condition in which the amount of cholesterol in the blood exceeds normal values. This may be due to genetic or lifestyle factors. Hyperhomocysteinemia Homocysteine is a naturally occurring, sulfur-containing amino acid in the blood that requires enzymes, vitamin B12, folic acid, and other vitamins to be converted to the essential amino acid methionine. Several conditions (such as deficiencies of certain vitamins in the body, kidney failure, hypothyroidism, or genetic defects) may cause homocysteine levels to rise. Familial hypercholesterolaemia Many people living in South Africa risk familial hypercholesterolaemia, where high cholesterol levels are the result of specific genetic defects. Knowing cholesterol better Good, bad, high density, low density? What is cholesterol exactly and why is it such a health issue? Cholesterol and lipids Cholesterol is one of a large and important class of biological molecules called lipids, scientific jargon for fats. Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is a condition in which arteries become hardened and narrowed due to the deposition of cholesterol-rich plaques in the artery wall. load more articles advertisement From our sponsors Your retirement - a healthy mindset So many people, why so alone? You can still enjoy the sweet things in life Take the sugar test, it could save your life.