A drug used to treat people infected with the AIDS virus has shown promise as a possible future weapon against cancer, US researchers said on Friday.
Scientists at the US National Cancer Institute examined how a class of drugs called protease inhibitors, usually given in combination with other drugs to treat the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, performed against several types of cancer including non-small cell lung cancer.
In a study published in the journal Clinical Cancer Research, the scientists tested whether protease inhibitors would slow cancer cell growth in the laboratory and in mice. Three of six drugs they tried inhibited cancer cell growth.
Viracept most effective
The most effective of the drugs was nelfinavir, sold by Roche Holding AG as Viracept, the researchers said. The drug also slowed the growth of both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant breast cancer cells, they added.
The researchers have started an initial clinical trial to test nelfinavir in cancer patients.
Viracept won marketing approval in Europe in 1998. It was cleared for use a year earlier in the United States, where it is sold by Pfizer Inc.
The two other protease inhibitors that inhibited growth of cancer cells were ritonavir, sold by Abbott Laboratories Inc. as Norvir, and saquinavir, sold by Roche as Invirase.
The researchers examined protease inhibitors because they affect a protein involved in the development of many cancer types. In people with HIV, such drugs can slow the spread of the virus in the body and reduce the risk of developing AIDS-related illnesses. –(Reuters Health)
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