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About COPD

Emphysema - from Natural Standard

Emphysema is a chronic (long lasting) condition in which the walls between the alveoli (air sacs) within the lung lose their ability to stretch and recoil, causing shortness of breath.

Adenovirus

Adenoviruses are medium-sized (90 to 100 nanometers) viruses that contain double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). DNA consists of two strands of a series of nucleotides shaped like a twisted ladder. This structure is referred to as a double helix, and it contains an individual's genetic code.

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited genetic disease in which tissue in the liver or lungs may become damaged, which prevents them from working properly. The first symptoms of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency usually occur between the ages of 20 and 50, but some infants or children may be affected with the disease as well. About one in 3,000 to 5,000 people are affected with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.

Emphysema-like disease and HIV

Emphysema is an incurable condition that occurs when the walls between the air sacs in the lung lose their ability to stretch and recoil, causing shortness of breath. Some HIV patients develop a condition called emphysema-like disease, which causes similar symptoms. The main difference between these two conditions is that abnormal masses in the lungs, called cystic lesions, cause symptoms of emphysema-like disease.

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