Home > Medical > Asthma > Overview Overview All sections in Asthma » Asthma Basics » Asthma News » Asthma Overview » Asthma and Children » Asthma and Exercise » Asthma Treatment » FAQs » Health Tips » Manage Your Asthma » How Severe is your Asthma » Living with Asthma » My Asthma Story How your asthma treatment will be tailored specifically for you As soon as asthma has been confirmed by your doctor, your treatment will be initiated according to the severity of your symptoms. How is asthma treated? Because asthma is two conditions rolled into one ? inflammation and bronchoconstriction of the airways ? the most effective treatment consists of a two-pronged approach, treating both factors simultaneously. How severe is your asthma? Asthma severity is assessed to decide which treatment is suitable. Grade 1 is the mildest grade (known as mild intermittent asthma) and grade 4 the most severe. Test Is your asthma under control? » Like Health24 on Facebook » Subscribe Asthma Newsletter » Join Body Talk » Celebrities with asthma World's Most Famous TB Patients How is asthma diagnosed? Asthma should be considered if you have breathing problems that come and go. For an accurate diagnosis your doctor will do a careful medical examination. What are the causes of asthma? Asthma is thought to be triggered by an allergy or irritation. Who gets asthma? (Prevalence) It affects one in ten children (10%) and one in twenty adults (5%) and mostly occurs before the age of five. What are the mechanisms of asthma? (What happens in the lungs?) Asthma is characterised by double narrowing of the bronchi. When the bronchi become too narrow, or are partially obstructed due to inflammation and spasm, the typical symptoms of asthma develop. What are the symptoms of asthma? Symptoms are varied, but sufferers feel that they aren’t getting enough oxygen which forces them to breathe harder and faster. What is asthma? This condition where you struggle to breathe occurs when you can’t breathe out because your airways are constricted. load more articles advertisement From our sponsors Your retirement - a healthy mindset So many people, why so alone? You can still enjoy the sweet things in life Take the sugar test, it could save your life.