Asthma

Updated 04 June 2015

Animal fur may lower asthma risk

Contact with natural microbes from animal fur may offer protection and lower the risk of asthma in babies.

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Infants who sleep on animal fur may be less likely to develop asthma later in childhood, new research suggests.

Animal skin and asthma risk

The study included more than 2,400 healthy city-dwelling newborns in Germany who were followed until age 10. Of those children, 55 percent slept on animal skin in their first three months of life.

Compared to other youngsters, those who slept on animal skin in infancy were 79 percent less likely to have asthma at age 6, and 41 percent less likely to have asthma by age 10, the investigators found.

Read: Children and asthma: the numbers

The study was presented at the European Respiratory Society meeting in Munich. The data and conclusions of research presented at medical meetings should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Microbes protect against asthma

"Previous studies have suggested that microbes found in rural settings can protect from asthma. An animal skin might also be a reservoir for various kinds of microbes, following similar mechanisms as has been observed in rural environments," Christina Tischer, from the Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen Research Centre in Germany, said in a European Lung Foundation news release.

Read: Children of obese mothers more likely to get asthma

"Our findings have confirmed that it is crucial to study further the actual microbial environment within the animal fur to confirm these associations," she added.

While the study found an association between exposure to animal skins and fur during infancy and decreased risk of developing asthma, it did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship.

Read more: 

Shots during pregnancy lower kids' allergy risk
Stress during pregnancy linked to asthma in kids
The asthmatic child and school

Image: Baby girl petting family dog from Shutterstock

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Professor Keertan Dheda has received of several prestigious awards including the 2014 Oppenheimer Award, and has published over 160 peer-reviewed papers and holds 3 patents related to new TB diagnostic or infection control technologies. He serves on the editorial board of the journals PLoS One, the International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Medicine, Lancet Respiratory Diseases and Nature Scientific Reports, amongst others.Read his full biography at the University of Cape Town Lung Institute

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