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09 February 2009

Types of medication delivered through inhalers

Five types of medication can be delivered though inhalers and spacers.

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Five types of medication can be delivered though inhalers and spacers.

  • Short-acting bronchodilators, like salbutamol. These are used to give immediate relief of shortness of breath.
  • Long-acting bronchodilators, like salmeterol and formoterol. They relieve symptoms for up to 12 hours.
  • Corticosteroids like beclomethasone, diproprionate, budesonide and flutecasone. These are used to prevent the inflammation which can lead to asthma attacks.
  • Cromolyn or nedocromil. They are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication used to prevent asthma attacks. They tend to be used in some children and in cases of exercise-induced asthma.
  • Combination of a corticosteroid and a long-acting bronchodilator – a recent newcomer to the market.

National Asthma Education Programme (NAEP)
Allergy Society of South Africa (ALLSA)

 
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