An advisory committee to the US Food and Drug Administration urged US regulators to approve a new treatment for rheumatoid arthritis made by the pharmaceutical giant Pfizer.
Tofacitinib, taken orally, could serve as an alternative approach to treating moderate to severe patients who did not respond to one or more traditional therapies such as methotrexate, said the advisory committee by a vote of 8-2.
The panel urged the drug's approval despite mixed results on its effects at different doses, and some safety concerns about the risks of cancer – mainly lymphoma – and infections.
Disease cause remains a mystery
Rheumatoid arthritis is a progressive autoimmune disease that causes debilitating joint pain that can lead to deformity, and affects about 1% of people in the United States and Europe, most of them women.
Exactly what causes the disease remains a mystery, and there is no known cure.
The FDA does not have to follow the recommendations of the advisory panel though it often does.
(Sapa, May 2012)