In the acute setting, basic principles apply: avoid weight-bearing, apply ice, elevate the limb and apply a compress.
If there is any deformity, swelling, locking of the joint, discolouration, fever or other sign of inflammation, medical advice must be sought immediately.
Once the definitive cause of the knee pain is established, appropriate treatment can be started. This may range from symptomatic relief of pain and inflammation, to physiotherapy, with or without surgery.
Underlying medical conditions like rheumatoid arthritis must be treated.
Surgery can repair or reattach ligaments and tendons, repair meniscus tears, or even replace the knee joint.
Preventing knee pain
Causes of knee pain