Allergy

Updated 29 May 2015

Smog with pollen may mean even more sneezing

Higher levels of airborne ozone and nitrogen dioxide might boost the potency of birch tree pollen, worsening allergies.

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Certain air pollutants may boost the potency of birch tree pollen that plays a big role in seasonal allergies, researchers say.

Ozone and nitrogen dioxide

In laboratory tests and computer simulations, researchers found that two pollutants – ozone and nitrogen dioxide – have a significant effect on the pollen, called Bet v 1.

Specifically, these pollutants appear to provoke chemical changes in the pollen that seem to raise its potency.

Read: Allergy tests that work

Levels of both ozone and nitrogen dioxide are also tied to climate change, according to a team including Ulrich Poschl, of the Max Planck Institute in Germany, and others.

This study finding, in combination with climate change, might help explain why airborne allergies are becoming more common, the researchers said.

The investigators were scheduled to present the findings at the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society in Denver.

Studies are preliminary

The research is still in its early stages, however, and experts note that studies presented at scientific meetings are typically considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Still, "scientists have long suspected that air pollution and climate change are involved in the increasing prevalence of allergies worldwide," Poschl said in a meeting news release.

Read: Allergy facts vs. fiction

"Understanding the underlying chemical processes behind this phenomenon has proven elusive," he added.

"Our research is just a starting point, but it does begin to suggest how chemical modifications in allergenic proteins occur," potentially affecting people's allergic response, Poschl said.

Other pollens may be affected by air pollution

The investigators plan further research to determine if and how other pollens are affected by air pollutants.

About 50 million people in the United States have nasal allergies and the number is increasing, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.

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Image: Young woman sneezing from Shutterstock

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Dr Morris is the Principal Allergist at the Cape Town and Johannesburg Allergy Clinics with postgraduate diplomas in Allergology, Dermatology, Paediatrics and Family Medicine dealing with both adult and childhood allergies. obesity and diabetes societies and runs a trial centre for new drugs.

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