Teen girls have a more difficult time kicking their methamphetamine habit
than boys, according to a small new study which suggests that new methods are
needed to treat methamphetamine abuse in girls.
The study included 10 girls and nine boys, average age of 17, with
methamphetamine addiction who were receiving counselling and were given either
the antidepressant bupropion or a placebo.
The teens who took bupropion provided far fewer methamphetamine-free urine
samples than those who took the placebo, which suggests that bupropion did not
work as a treatment for methamphetamine addiction, the researchers said.
What they found
They also found that boys in both groups had more than twice as many
methamphetamine-free urine drug tests than girls in both groups, according to
"The greater severity of methamphetamine problems in adolescent girls
compared to boys - combined with results of studies in adults that also found
women to be more susceptible to methamphetamine than men - suggests that the
gender differences in methamphetamine addiction observed in adults may actually
begin in adolescence," study lead author Dr Keith Heinzerling, a health sciences
assistant clinical professor of family medicine at the David Geffen School of
Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, said.
The findings indicate the need for research to develop new ways to improve
addiction treatment for girls, the researchers said.
The US National Institute on Drug Abuse has more about methamphetamine.