About one in five US adult smokers has used electronic cigarettes, a new
E-cigarettes are battery-powered devices that deliver nicotine, flavourings
and other chemicals. They turn these substances into vapour that is inhaled by
the user, which is referred to as "vaping."
In 2011, about 21% of adult smokers in the United States said they had used
e-cigarettes, up from about 10% in 2010. About 6% of all adults have tried
e-cigarettes, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) study released.
Between 2010 and 2011, the use of e-cigarettes among adult smokers rose among
both men and women, whites, those aged 45 to 54, people living in the South, and
current and former smokers, the study authors found.
Increase in awareness
In both years, e-cigarette use was much higher among current smokers than
among former and never smokers, the investigators noted. Awareness of
e-cigarettes increased from about 40% of adults in 2010 to 60% of adults
"E-cigarette use is growing rapidly. There is still a lot we don't know about
these products, including whether they will decrease or increase use of
traditional cigarettes," Dr Tom Frieden, CDC director, said in an agency news
Compared to traditional cigarettes, e-cigarettes appear to have far fewer
toxins, according to the CDC authors. However, the impact of the devices on
long-term health need more study, they noted.
Research is also needed to see how e-cigarette marketing could affect the use
of traditional cigarettes, especially among young people, the authors noted in
the news release.
"If large numbers of adult smokers become users of both traditional
cigarettes and e-cigarettes - rather than using e-cigarettes to quit cigarettes
completely - the net public health effect could be quite negative," Dr Tim
McAfee, director of the CDC's Office on Smoking and Health, said in the news
BeTobaccoFree.gov has more about electronic