People with heart failure, and those who care for them, want more attention paid to their psychological needs, a new study finds.
"Heart failure patients and their caretakers suffer in a variety of ways," said Dr David Bekelman, an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, who presented the study at an American Heart Association meeting in Washington, D.C. "They are interested in palliative care, reducing their suffering and improving their quality of life, and how such care could be provided."
Interviews with 33 people diagnosed with heart failure, which is the progressive loss of the heart's ability to pump blood, and 20 of their caregivers uncovered a desire for the kind of palliative care devoted to reducing suffering that is commonly given to people with cancer, Bekelman said.
"We asked them what was most distressing about having heart failure, and what was most helpful for dealing with the condition," he said. "We asked about symptoms and how they dealt with them, what it is like to live with heart failure, whether they got anxious and worried."
Four major needs
Four major needs emerged from the interviews, Bekelman said. "They need help adjusting to the limitations imposed by heart failure," he said. "They wanted to know what they might expect in terms of progression. They wanted help in alleviating physical and emotional symptoms. And they wanted better communication with medical personnel."
Treatment of heart failure usually focuses on the medical aspects of the condition, Bekelman said. The group he leads is "still looking at understanding the different needs of patients and caregivers," he said. "Some caregivers are open to questioning for planning purposes. Some patients often are not interested in their prognosis."
Programme in the pipeline
Bekelman said he hopes to pilot a programme to address the different needs of those with heart failure and their caretakers. If he can obtain funding, the programme would start "sometime next year," he said.
"It would have a nursing care manager who is competent in cardiac care and trained in community psychosocial care," he said. "There would be regular meetings in which they would talk about the future prospects. The benefits for patients could be better control of some symptoms and better coping with the limitations imposed by heart failure."
A successful programme could make financial sense, Bekelman said. "We hope that, because patients and their caregivers would be less distressed, they would be better able to manage at home without medical care visits, so that would reduce costs," he said. "By reducing caregiver distress, it may help caregivers to be more productive at work and understand better how to care for the patient."
Family members who look after people with heart failure are important in the overall picture of medical care, said Dr Gregg Fonarow, director of the Ahmanson-UCLA Cardiomyopathy Center and associate chief of the UCLA Division of Cardiology at the University of California, Los Angeles.
"We recognise that patients who do well have engaged family members," Fonarow said. "They assist in monitoring and frequently in medical follow-up. Caregivers can be critically important because traditional delivery systems might not be adequate."
(HealthDay News, April 2009)