Home > Lifestyle > How to have healthy pets > News Updated 13 September 2013 Dogs react well to social robots A study found that dogs react sociably to robots that behave socially towards them, even if the devices look nothing like a human. 0 iStock Related New robot technology to revolutionise SA surgery The robot that makes tea A robot that runs like a cat Subscribe to receive health tips daily » Like Health24 on Facebook » Ask CyberVet » Mutts entered into the US 2015 World's Ugliest Dog Why do wet dogs stink? Designers of social robots, take note. Bring your dog to the lab next time you test a prototype, and watch how your pet interacts with it. You might just learn a thing or two that could help you fine-tune future designs. So says Gabriella Lakatos of the Hungarian Academy of Science and Eötvös Loránd University, lead author of a study published in Springer’s journal Animal Cognition that found that man’s best friend reacts sociably to robots that behave socially towards them, even if the devices look nothing like a human.This animal behaviour study tested the reaction of 41 dogs. They were divided into two groups depending on the nature of human-robot interaction: ‘asocial’ or ‘social'. One set of dogs in the ‘asocial group’ first observed an interaction between two humans (the owner and the human experimenter) and then observed an ‘asocial’ interaction between the owner and the robot. The remaining dogs in this group participated in these interactions in the reverse order.Then, in the ‘social group,’ one set of dogs watched an interaction between the owner and the human experimenter followed by observing a ‘social’ interaction between the owner and the robot. The remaining dogs in this group also participated in these interactions in the reverse order. These interactions were followed by sessions in which either the human experimenter or the robot pointed out the location of hidden food in both the ‘asocial’ and the ‘social’ groups.Looks like a piece of gym equipmentA customized human-sized PeopleBot² with two arms and four-fingered hands were used. One of its robotic arms makes simple gestures and grasps objects. The PeopleBot does not resemble a human, but looks rather like a piece of gym equipment with a white gloved hand attached to it.It was programmed to either perform socially enriched human-like conduct (such as calling a dog by its name) or to behave rather machine-like and in an asocial manner. The human experimenter used in tandem with the robot could only do moves similar to the device’s capabilities, and was therefore only allowed to use one hand to make specific gestures.The level of sociality shown by the robot was not enough to elicit the same set of social behavioural reactions from the dogs that they normally display in their close relationship with humans. However, the researchers recorded definite positive social interactions between the animals and the robot. For instance, the dogs spent more time near the robot or gazing at its head when the PeopleBot behaved socially.Furthermore, it was quite difficult for the dogs to find the hidden food when a robot pointed it out to them. However, further analysis of this result showed that the dogs were far better at finding the loot when a socially behaving robot pointed it out to them. The researchers believe that the dogs’ previous experience with the robot, while watching their owners interact with the PeopleBot, may have also influenced their attitude towards it when they confronted it during the pointing phase.Lakatos and her colleagues argue that this type of study not only provides important insights into the mental processes of living creatures, but also about how social robots should be designed. “Roboticists who design interactive robots should look into the sociality and behaviour of their designs, even if they do not embody human-like characteristics,” Lakatos advises. EurekAlert More in Lifestyle 'Bear Grylls' the Australian koala survives high-speed collision with a car More: How to have healthy petsNews advertisement Get a quote Fedhealth - What cover is right for you? Momentum - save up to 35% on healthcare advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... From our sponsors Advertorial Understanding thrombosis The power of smell and touch Is your baby dehydrated? How to tell. Fifty and fabulous! There’s something newly cool about turning 50 Live healthier Up for grabs! » To vape or not to vape? Twisp's new range of e-cigs Discover your Twisp Win one of the 3 new devices from Twisp! Now you can stand a chance of winning one of the 3 new devices, as well as flavours and accessories worth R2000 each! Love your heart » SA dying of heart disease Natural trans fats good for heart Heart probs and sex life How old is your heart? Take this test What's your heart age? Use the calculator to see the real age of your heart. Post your results in the comments!