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12 January 2009

First aid for serious sunburn

Sunburn easily results in first-degree burns, especially in young children. In severe cases, secondary burns could result.

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Sunburn easily results in first-degree burns, especially in young children. In severe cases, secondary burns could result.

Home treatment

  • If needed, treat for dehydration.
  • Soothe burns with cool water or compresses and let the person rest in a cool room.
  • 1% hydrocortisone cream relieves pain, and tea tree oil may soothe the burn.
  • Use paracetamol for pain.
  • Apply lotion to relieve itch from peeling.
  • Watch for signs of heat exhaustion.

Prevention:

  • Stay out of the sun between 10am and 3pm.
  • Always use sunblock with a sun protection factor of 15 or higher when you are outdoors. Reapply every two hours and more often if you are swimming.
  • Wear a hat and white, protective clothing.
  • Drink plenty of water.

 

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