Home > Lifestyle > Man > Your body 29 June 2005 First aid for bruises Most bruises are relatively minor and heal on their own over a period of about ten days. 0 Pin It Follow us Facebook » Ask CyberShrink » Join Talk forums » Test Your sex toy IQ » Haemophilia facts and figures 42 substances that can kill you A bruise is caused by blood seeping into the tissues due to breakage of small blood vessels near the surface of the skin. It is usually caused by a bump or fall. Older people tend to bruise more easily. Most bruises are relatively minor and heal on their own over a period of about ten days. Home treatment Apply an ice pack to reduce swelling and to relieve pain. The sooner you do so, the smaller the bruise will be. Make an ice pack by wrapping crushed ice or frozen peas in a damp cloth. Don’t put it directly onto the skin as this could cause damage. Apply the ice pack for 15 minutes every two hours for the first 24 hours. After 48 hours, apply a heat pad a few times a day to dilate the blood vessels to speed up the absorption of the bruise. If the bruise is on the leg or arm, elevate the limb to limit more bruising and swelling. Arnica oil or witch hazel ointment speeds up healing. Pineapple in the diet helps to speed up healing and prevents easy bruising. If you need a pain killer, take paracetamol. Do not use aspirin or ibuprofen for the first 24 hours. See a doctor if: the pain is severe or limits normal movement. the bruise occurs on the abdomen or loin and is due to a high-speed fall from a bicycle or other traumatic accident. There may be less obvious underlying injuries. there is a bruise behind the ear following a head injury. It may be a sign of a skull fracture. there are signs of infection. bruises occur without any apparent reason. Repeated, spontaneous bruises may indicate a blood problem or due to certain medications a bruise does not start to fade within a week. More in Lifestyle 9 reasons for groin pain More: ManYour body advertisement Get a quote Selfmed - the one with the apple Momentum - save up to 35% on healthcare Medihelp - quality, affordable medical scheme cover advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Add your comment Thank you, your comment has been submitted. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... From our sponsors Hill's Science Plan Canine Mini range What is Diabetic Neuropathy? There are more than 200 different viruses which can cause a cold A clinically proven skin care range is now available Live healthier Be vitamin-smart » A-Z of vitamins What is vitamin C? Ask the expert Why we need vitamin D Even in a country with an abundance of sunlight you might have a vitamin D deficiency. Here's why. Beat acne » Stars with scars Acne tips Skincare Myths about acne Through the ages, there have been many myths about acne. We list the myths and give you the facts.