Home > Lifestyle > Man > News Updated 07 October 2013 Researchers win Nobel prize for hormone discoveries Three researchers who discovered how hormes, enzymes and other key substances are transported within cells have won this year's Nobel Prize in medicine. 0 iStock Related Nobel prize-winning biologist dies Stem cell experts win Nobel prize DNA double trouble for Nobels Follow us Facebook » Ask CyberShrink » Receive Health tips » Test Your sex toy IQ » All the tests you'll ever need 8 strange things your body does Americans James Rothman and Randy Schekman and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof won the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for discoveries on how hormones, enzymes and other key substances are transported within cells.This traffic control system keeps activities inside cells from descending into chaos and has helped researchers gain a better understanding of a range of diseases including diabetes and disorders affecting the immune system, the committee said.The discoveries have helped doctors diagnose a severe form of epilepsy and immune deficiency diseases in children, Nobel committee secretary Goran Hansson said.Scientists hoped that in future the research could lead to medicines against more common types of epilepsy, diabetes and other metabolism deficiencies.Surface of the cellRothman, 62, is a professor at Yale University while Schekman, 64, is at the University of California, Berkeley. Suedhof, 57, joined Stanford University in 2008.The Nobel committee said the three researchers work on "vesicle traffic" — the transport system of cells — helped scientists understand how "cargo is delivered to the right place at the right time" inside cells. Vesicles are tiny bubbles that act as cargo carriers."Imagine hundreds of thousands of people who are travelling around hundreds of miles of streets; how are they going to find the right way? Where will the bus stop and open its doors so that people can get out?" said Hansson, the committee's secretary."There are similar problems in the cell, to find the right way between the different organelles and out to the surface of the cell."New experienceIn the 1970s, Schekman discovered a set of genes that were required for vesicle transport, while Rothman revealed in the 1980s and 1990s how proteins dock with their target membranes like two sides of a zipper. Also in the '90s, Suedhof found out how vesicles release their cargo with precision."This is not an overnight thing. Most of it has been accomplished and developed over many years, if not decades," said Rothman.Asked if the Nobel might change his work or funding, he said, "I honestly don't know. It's a new experience."Rothman said he lost grant money for the work recognised by the Nobel committee, but he will now reapply, hoping the Nobel prize will make a difference in receiving funding.The medicine prize kicked off this year's Nobel announcements.Outside the cellThe awards in physics, chemistry, literature, peace and economics will be announced by other prize juries later this week and next. Each prize is worth $1.2m (about R12m)."These discoveries have had a major impact on our understanding of how cargo is delivered with timing and precision within and outside the cell," the committee said.Rothman and Schekman won the Albert Lasker basic medical research award for their research in 2002 — an award often seen as a precursor of a Nobel Prize.Established by Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, the Nobel Prizes have been handed out by award committees in Stockholm and Oslo since 1901. The winners always receive their awards on 10 December, which is the anniversary of Nobel's death in 1896. NEXT ON HEALTH24X Experience a contact lens that feels like nothing 2016-10-24 12:49 More: ManNews advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Medical SA researchers find urine test better for rapid TB testing Medical SEE:7 of the world's most famous TB patients Medical TB patients dying without dignity as drug resistance soars Medical Diabetes: You can have a cheat meal and stay healthy Lifestyle Oil foils: your skin-care guide for acne-prone skin Medical SEE: How long should a cough last? From our sponsors How to care for your vaginal flora Live healthier Hello? » SEE: Interesting facts about hearing loss Earworms: Let it go Is it bad to sleep with earplugs all the time? SEE: Do women hear better than men? The reason why men often appear not to be listening could be because they actually can't hear you. Confident smile? » Acidic drinks can harm your kids' smiles The facts on bleaching your teeth Am I taking good care of my teeth? Why are my teeth stained? We know the rules – brush your teeth twice a day and floss to keep them healthy. But, have you ever wondered what causes those stains that sometimes appear?