Home > Lifestyle > EnviroHealth > News 28 March 2013 Insects plentiful in hot parts of cities Higher temperatures in cities can be a key driver of insect pest outbreaks on trees in urban areas, according to research. 0 iStock Related When trees die off human health will suffer Insect bites What is global warming? Start A Health24 blog » Follow Health24 on Facebook » Test Are you envirohealth savvy? » Ask EnviroHealth Expert » Blood Lions: Bred for the Bullet movie trailer The amazing mountains on Pluto Higher temperatures in cities can be a key driver of insect pest outbreaks on trees in urban areas, according to research published in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Emily Meineke from North Carolina State University and colleagues from other institutions.The researchers found that a scale insect that exclusively feeds on oak trees was 13 times more abundant on willow oaks in the hottest parts of the city of Raleigh, North Carolina than in cooler areas of the same city, even when other factors, like natural enemies that would kill the insects, were similar in both areas. In a second experiment, they found scale insects collected from trees in hot areas had higher survival rates in hot greenhouses than in cool ones. However, insects originally from cooler urban areas remained low in number in both hot and cool greenhouses. Urban warming leads to higher pest abundanceThe researchers found no differences in the rates of reproduction of insects in any of these groups. Thus, they suggest that the differences in abundance may be a result of differences in survival rather than a higher reproductive capacity.Urbanisation of an area changes the species that dwell in it. Previous studies have analysed these effects in terms of loss of resources or changes to habitat, but this is the first research to focus on the effects of "heat islands" created in cities. Meineke explains that, "Urban warming can lead to higher insect pest abundance, a result of pest acclimation or adaptation to higher temperatures."The study concludes that since current urban warming is similar in magnitude to the higher temperatures predicted by global warming in the next fifty years, their results may indicate potential changes in pest abundance as natural forests also grow warmer. EurekAlert NEXT ON HEALTH24X Call for potential donors as Cape blood stocks run low 2017-06-20 14:59 More: EnviroHealthNews advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Medical Busted! 10 myths about IBS you should never believe Lifestyle Solutions to SA women’s top 10 skin concerns – Part 1 Medical SEE: What cancer looks like inside the breast Medical Can sex cause a headache? Medical Can 1 or 2 drinks per day really make you live longer? Mental health You have a problem if this hormone doesn't fluctuate during the day From our sponsors Johannesburg conference to tackle digital transformation in healthcare WIN a R2000 voucher. Great skin is just a click away! How erectile dysfunction can affect relationships Coital incontinence: the ‘oops’ women are too afraid to talk about Live healthier Myths busted! » Breastfeeding may reduce pain from C-section Breastfeeding and work - how to make it work 9 breastfeeding myths busted Breastfeeding will help me lose my baby weight, right? Wrong! We bust nine myths about breastfeeding. Eat right. » How watching porn can cause erectile dysfunction 7 scientific ways to cure erectile dysfunction 7 foods that could relieve erectile dysfunction If you experience erectile dysfunction from time to time, you may be able to manage the problem without any medical help.