Home > Lifestyle > EnviroHealth > News 28 March 2013 Insects plentiful in hot parts of cities Higher temperatures in cities can be a key driver of insect pest outbreaks on trees in urban areas, according to research. 0 iStock Related When trees die off human health will suffer Insect bites What is global warming? Start A Health24 blog » Follow Health24 on Facebook » Test Are you envirohealth savvy? » Ask EnviroHealth Expert » Blood Lions: Bred for the Bullet movie trailer The amazing mountains on Pluto Higher temperatures in cities can be a key driver of insect pest outbreaks on trees in urban areas, according to research published in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Emily Meineke from North Carolina State University and colleagues from other institutions.The researchers found that a scale insect that exclusively feeds on oak trees was 13 times more abundant on willow oaks in the hottest parts of the city of Raleigh, North Carolina than in cooler areas of the same city, even when other factors, like natural enemies that would kill the insects, were similar in both areas. In a second experiment, they found scale insects collected from trees in hot areas had higher survival rates in hot greenhouses than in cool ones. However, insects originally from cooler urban areas remained low in number in both hot and cool greenhouses. Urban warming leads to higher pest abundanceThe researchers found no differences in the rates of reproduction of insects in any of these groups. Thus, they suggest that the differences in abundance may be a result of differences in survival rather than a higher reproductive capacity.Urbanisation of an area changes the species that dwell in it. Previous studies have analysed these effects in terms of loss of resources or changes to habitat, but this is the first research to focus on the effects of "heat islands" created in cities. Meineke explains that, "Urban warming can lead to higher insect pest abundance, a result of pest acclimation or adaptation to higher temperatures."The study concludes that since current urban warming is similar in magnitude to the higher temperatures predicted by global warming in the next fifty years, their results may indicate potential changes in pest abundance as natural forests also grow warmer. EurekAlert More in Lifestyle Radon is a silent killer. Could it be in your home? More: EnviroHealthNews advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Medical Magic as Cape Town baby hears for the first time Medical This Ingredient in Everyday Items May Cause a Peanut Allergy in Eczema Sufferers Diet and nutrition Low carb diet no flash in the pan - Noakes Sex How to eroticise safe sex this Valentine's Day Medical Can arthritis damage to joints be reversed? Lifestyle Are selfies destroying your relationship? From our sponsors Why probiotics are beneficial for IBS Hearing aids on a windy day? No problem! A step-by-step guide on how to do pelvic floor exercises correctly Live healthier Perfect parent » Parents boost kids' social skills Parent with ADHD? Why baby wakes at the night Top tips on parenting Browse through Health24's parenting guide for all you need to know about parenthood. Strong, healthy hair » 10 interesting facts about your hair Weird remedies for hair loss Causes of hair loss Healthy hair diet Sound nutrition can improve the health of your hair and give you lustrous locks.