Home > Lifestyle > EnviroHealth > News 28 March 2013 Insects plentiful in hot parts of cities Higher temperatures in cities can be a key driver of insect pest outbreaks on trees in urban areas, according to research. 0 iStock Related When trees die off human health will suffer Insect bites What is global warming? Start A Health24 blog » Follow Health24 on Facebook » Test Are you envirohealth savvy? » Ask EnviroHealth Expert » Blood Lions: Bred for the Bullet movie trailer The amazing mountains on Pluto Higher temperatures in cities can be a key driver of insect pest outbreaks on trees in urban areas, according to research published in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Emily Meineke from North Carolina State University and colleagues from other institutions.The researchers found that a scale insect that exclusively feeds on oak trees was 13 times more abundant on willow oaks in the hottest parts of the city of Raleigh, North Carolina than in cooler areas of the same city, even when other factors, like natural enemies that would kill the insects, were similar in both areas. In a second experiment, they found scale insects collected from trees in hot areas had higher survival rates in hot greenhouses than in cool ones. However, insects originally from cooler urban areas remained low in number in both hot and cool greenhouses. Urban warming leads to higher pest abundanceThe researchers found no differences in the rates of reproduction of insects in any of these groups. Thus, they suggest that the differences in abundance may be a result of differences in survival rather than a higher reproductive capacity.Urbanisation of an area changes the species that dwell in it. Previous studies have analysed these effects in terms of loss of resources or changes to habitat, but this is the first research to focus on the effects of "heat islands" created in cities. Meineke explains that, "Urban warming can lead to higher insect pest abundance, a result of pest acclimation or adaptation to higher temperatures."The study concludes that since current urban warming is similar in magnitude to the higher temperatures predicted by global warming in the next fifty years, their results may indicate potential changes in pest abundance as natural forests also grow warmer. EurekAlert NEXT ON HEALTH24X Experience a contact lens that feels like nothing 2016-10-24 12:49 More: EnviroHealthNews advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news News Win R5 000 with the Health of the Nation Survey Medical CT teen desperately needs bone marrow transplant Medical Blood test may predict chances of surviving Ebola Lifestyle Secondhand smoke bad for pets as well Medical Americans infected with rare virus carried by rats Mental health Screen time may not be so bad for teens after all From our sponsors Cipla today announced the launch of its innovative inhaler called Synchrobreathe. Live healthier How loud is too loud? » Heal your hearing Pain relievers linked to hearing loss in women FDA approves balloon device to clear Eustachian tube SEE: Interesting facts about hearing loss Our ears perform quite a complex job – not only are they responsible for helping us hear, they also assist with balance. Get back into your healthy habits » 7 beach sports to keep you active 7 reasons to start running Here's how to get yourself back into exercise after a break 5 ways to kickstart your fitness routine in 2017 With the festive season at an end, getting back into your fitness routine should be a breeze with these five steps.