Home > Lifestyle > EnviroHealth > News Updated 28 March 2013 Cold cities less sustainable Living in colder climates in the US is more energy demanding than living in warmer climates. 0 iStock Related Earth is warmer today, say scientists Allergic children may tolerate warm milk Don't overheat in high temperatures Start A Health24 blog » Follow Health24 on Facebook » Test Are you envirohealth savvy? » Ask EnviroHealth Expert » Blood Lions: Bred for the Bullet movie trailer The amazing mountains on Pluto Living in colder climates in the US is more energy demanding than living in warmer climates. This is according to Dr Michael Sivak at the University of Michigan, who has published new research in IOP Publishing's journal Environmental Research Letters. Dr Sivak has calculated that climate control in the coldest large metropolitan area in the country – Minneapolis – is about three-and-a-half times more energy demanding than in the warmest large metropolitan area – Miami. Dr Sivak calculated this difference in energy demand using three parameters: the number of heating or cooling degree days in each area; the efficiencies of heating and cooling appliances; and the efficiencies of power-generating plants. Not included in the analysis were the energy used to extract fuels from the ground, the losses during energy transmission, and energy costs. "It has been taken for a fact that living in the warm regions of the US is less sustainable than living in the cold regions, based partly on the perceived energy needs for climate control; however, the present findings suggest a re-examination of the relative sustainability of living in warm versus cold climates." Warm versus cold climatesHeating degree days (HDDs) and cooling degree days (CDDs) are climatological measures that are designed to reflect the demand for energy needed to heat or cool a building. They are calculated by comparing the mean daily outdoor temperature with 18°C. A day with a mean temperature of 10°C would have 8 HDDs and no CDDs, as the temperature is 8°C below 18°C. Analogously, a day with a mean temperature of 23°C would have 5 CDDs and no HDDs. Based on a previous study, Dr Sivak showed that Minneapolis has 4376 heating degree days a year compared to 2423 cooling degree days in Miami. In the study, Dr Sivak used a single measure for the efficiency of heating and cooling appliances, as most are currently rated using different measures so they cannot be directly compared. His calculations showed that a typical air conditioner is about four times more energy efficient than a typical furnace. "In simple terms, it takes less energy to cool a room down by one degree than it does to heat it up by one degree," said Dr Sivak. More energy demanding, less sustainable Grouping together climatology, the efficiency of heating and cooling appliances, and the efficiency of power-generating plants, Dr Sivak showed that Minneapolis was substantially more energy demanding than Miami. "In the US, the energy consumption for air conditioning is of general concern but the required energy to heat is often taken for granted. Focus should also be turned to the opposite end of the scale – living in cold climates such as in Minneapolis, Milwaukee, Rochester, Buffalo and Chicago is more energy demanding, and therefore less sustainable from this point of view, than living in warm climates such as in Miami, Phoenix, Tampa, Orlando and Las Vegas," Dr Sivak concluded. EurekAlert NEXT ON HEALTH24X Call for potential donors as Cape blood stocks run low 2017-06-20 14:59 More: EnviroHealthNews advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news News 80% of SA women believe the female condom 'puts them in charge' News These conditions that most likely affect you are 'overwhelming' SA Medical This 'terrible twin' is killing more South Africans News Do this health quiz and we will tell you how smart you are Medical From the nose to the penis – a history of organ transplants Medical How long can Zika last in your sperm? From our sponsors Johannesburg conference to tackle digital transformation in healthcare WIN a R2000 voucher. Great skin is just a click away! How erectile dysfunction can affect relationships Coital incontinence: the ‘oops’ women are too afraid to talk about Live healthier Myths busted! » Breastfeeding may reduce pain from C-section Breastfeeding and work - how to make it work 9 breastfeeding myths busted Breastfeeding will help me lose my baby weight, right? Wrong! We bust nine myths about breastfeeding. Eat right. » How watching porn can cause erectile dysfunction 7 scientific ways to cure erectile dysfunction 7 foods that could relieve erectile dysfunction If you experience erectile dysfunction from time to time, you may be able to manage the problem without any medical help.