Shin splints occur when the thin layer of tissue covering the shinbone becomes inflamed. Often caused by exercises that stress the legs, shin splints are characterised by pain covering about three to four inches of the shin, usually about two-thirds of the way down the shin from the knee. The pain typically worsens during strenuous activity using the legs, like running.
People with flat feet, an unusually high arch, or poorly aligned knees are most at risk for shin splints, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Runners and dancers are also particularly susceptible.
Treatment for shin splints usually involves rest and avoiding the activity that caused them. Cold compresses may help alleviate pain.
To protect yourself from shin splints, the AAOS recommends maintaining a regular workout routine, without significant changes in the duration or intensity of the workout. You should also avoid running or exercising on hard surfaces like concrete and pavement. – (HealthDayNews)