Our expert says:
To determine your vitamin and mineral levels, you would need to have a blood sample tested at a pathology laboratory. If you have tests done for all the standard vitamins and minerals (vits A, E, C, D, K, B1, B2, niacin, B12, B6, folic acid, biotin, pantothenic acid, calcium, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, selenium, and zinc = 13 vitamins and 10 minerals = 23 micronutrients in total)this will cost a great deal of money. You can have such tests arranged through your gp, but most doctors would only send you for tests if you have clinical signs of a deficiency (e.g. symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia) because of the costs. If you have been taking vitamin and mineral supplements then it is highly unlikely that you have any deficiencies. In general anyone who eats a well balanced diet containing foods from all the food groups, should not need to take any vitamins and mineral supplements. It has even been shown that taking certain vitamin supplements can be unhealthy unless you have an actual deficiency. Adult women tend to neglect their calcium intake (they need 1200 mg of calcium a day or 3 servings of milk, yoghurt of cottage cheese per day), so in such cases taking a calcium, vitamin D and vitamin K supplement like MenaCal.7 is a good idea. Otherwise you probably don't need extra vitamins and minerals.
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