Our expert says:
You are clearly worried about the possibility of throat cancer, and there is a strong link between thraot cancer and smoking. To diagnose why you have difficulty in swallowing, you would need a laryngoscopy, performed by an ENT surgeon. This envolves looking at the larynx (voice box) under direct vision, as cancer that originates in this area is usually visible on examination. If no tumour is seen, one would look for other causes of swallowing difficulties.
Regarding your tongue, confirming your HIV status is essential, then other causes should be excluded such as Candida.
I suggest you see an ENT surgeon to look at these conditions, as treatment is dependent on the cause, an will be different in all these scenarios.
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