Our expert says:
Spastic means stiff or contracted. The word Diplegia breaks down into "di," meaning two, and "plegia," the Latin word for weakness. Therefore, spastic diplegia means stiff or contracted muscles affecting two extremities causing weakness. <10% of SD cases are caused by injury at birth. Many cases of SD are caused by infections or trauma or a shortage of oxygen while the baby is still in the womb. It does not seem to be associated with chromosome 9 abnormalities. Inversion of chromosome 9 is associated with a normal outcome in the majority of cases.
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