Home > Experts > Question Question Posted by: Sello | 2013/01/28 History of the ANC Part 1 In this period early African political organisations were formed these organisations precipitated the formation of the African National Congress. 1866 The first attempt to enfranchise Africans on large scale is embarked on when Mfengu chiefs unsuccessfully attempt to register 600 of their followers. 1886 African voters in the Eastern Cape increase from 1150 to 6045 in the period between 1882 and 1886. 1879 The Native Educational Association (NEA) is formed. Its aim was to “ improve and elevate native races.” In addition the NEA sought to promote “ social morality and general welfare of the natives.” The association made resolutions, sent deputations and petitions to authorities. Amongst its membership were some of the founders of the SANNC such as John Tengo Jabavu, Rev Walter Benson Rubusana. (Odendaal, p.7) 1882 Imbumba yama Nyama, (solid unity) a political organization that sought to unite Africans on political issues and fight for their political rights is formed in Port Elizabeth. 1887 The Imbumba Eliliso Lomzi Ontsundu (Union of Native Vigilance Association) is formed in response to the increasing attacks on African rights and privileges. Imbumba also aimed at oversee the registration of African voters and to challenge the in the Supreme Court unfairly disqualified voters. 1888 Funamalungelo (“ Demand Civil Rights” ) is formed in Natal and lasts until 1908. The society is headed by John Khumalo and attracts leaders such as Martin Luthuli, Isaiah Mgadi and Josiah Gumede amongst others. 1896 April, Clements Kadalie the founder and future leader of the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union (ICU) is born in Malawi. 1898 The South African Native Congress (SANC) is formed by African political leaders in the Cape. SANC leaders “ spoke out on labour issues, stimulated by growing racial discrimination and deteriorating economic conditions.” (Limb, 2010: 82) People such as Thomas Mqanda, Jonathan Tunyiswa, Walter Rubusana and Chambers Nyombolo among others were its membership. Izwi Labantu (Voice of the People), a newspaper of the SANC based in East London is launched to carry the views and aspirations of the organisation. 1900 June 8, Natal Native Congress (NNC) is officially inaugurated. “ The main aims of the Congress were to cultivate a political awareness amongst Africans by educating them about their rights under the prevailing system of government and laws, and, most importantly, to act as a forum for airing grievances” (van Diemel, 2001.) Martin Luthuli serves as president for the first three years and Josiah Gumede as its secretary. 1902 SANC begins convening annual conferences. Charlotte Manye Maxeke is a Transvaal delegate to a SANC conference. The conference praised her contribution but “ concluded that the time was not right for women to participate in politics” (Limb, 2010: 78). As the Labour Committees tour the country, Walter Rubusana, Jonathan Tunyiswa and Thomas Mqanda, leaders of the South African Native Congress (SANC), send a resolution asking the Crown to protect the interests of all African and Coloured people in South African colonies. 1903 Lord Milner convenes the South African Customs Conference in Bloemfontein which resolves to come up with a common understanding of native policy. This results in the establishment of the South African Native Affairs Commission (SANAC). The SANC strongly opposed the SANAC Charlotte Maxeke and her husband, Marshall Maxeke, form the AME Wilberforce Institute at Evaton. May 16, Members of the SANC form the Transvaal Native Congress which remained affiliated to the SANC. By 1903, the SANC claimed to have braches in 25 districts. 1904 May 28, Martin Luthuli gives evidence to the South African Native Affairs Commission (SANAC). Click here to see his testimony. Moses Mauane Kotane future leader of the ANC and South African Communists Party is born at Tamposstad near Zeerust in the District of Rustenberg the second son of 11 children, to Samuel Segogwane and Siporah Mmadira Kotane, both prominent members of the local community. 1906 The SANC sends a telegram to the Prime Minister asking for a repeal of legislation on communal tenure law and stating that ‘ labour clauses’ should be ‘ totally repealed’ The SANC complains about the deterioration of standards in the treatment of Africans by the British. The Bhambhata Rebellion, lead by Chief Bambatha kaMancinza, takes place in Natal. The armed rebellion is fought in response to the hut tax which was imposed on the Zulu by British Colonial rule. The SANC and the Transvaal Native Congress condemn the Natal government’ s handling of the rebellion. The African National Political Union (ANPU) is formed in Transvaal and led by Sefaka Mapogo Makgatho who later became president of the ANC from 1917-1924. April 10, The SANC passes a resolution with regards to the changing views of the British to the treatment of Africans. 1909 February, A Native Congress is held in the Orange River Colony with 48 delegates to discuss a draft of the South Africa Act. March, A Native Congress is held in the Cape with 80 delegates, in Natal with 150 delegates and the Transvaal with 30 delegates. March 24 - 25, From these conferences 60 delegates are elected for a South African Convention which met at Bloemfontein. April, A Cape Native Convention is organised by J.T. Jabavu, editor of the Black newspaper, Imvo Zabantsundu. The convention declares that the introduction of the colour bar provisions in the draft South African Act is “ unjust & mdash - unprecedented in the annals of the British Empire Not what you were looking for? Try searching again, or ask your own question 4 Our users say: Posted by: Sello | 2013/01/30 What a sick pig. 1st world third world my foot. We are fixing 300 years of oppression. By doing that we will please the enemy with his 1st world 3rd world theories. We are not prepared to be told bt the very same people who stole our land and deprived us of good life. Ofcourse we will amess wealth. Do you want us to leave the wealth to the white minority so that it can be taken out of our country. You see that will never happen again. Our mission is to slowly outsmart the white man until the economy is fully in our hands. Already we own not less than 20% of listed c/o on the JSE. Give us couple of years and we will be owning the flats and houses that you live in. Oh by the way i have white tenants in my properties already. Unlike you they are not pigs but decent white Reply to Sello Posted by: Termite | 2013/01/29 Yes sello..south africa is not 3rd world...you are as delusional as the rest of your black brothers, in SA and in Africa..look at Zim in the 60-70''s the bread basket of africa...now it is just a basket case relying on hand outs from the west..you see, SA will go the same just it will take longer, but the end result will be another Zim...If countries run by a black are so successful show me one 1st world country run by blacks. You can''t because it is all about self enrichment...now GFY once more Reply to Termite Posted by: Sello | 2013/01/29 That history of the ANC is finding its ways into the school sylabus. Millions of SAns cares about that history except for the pigs. SA will never be a third world as you wish. We as black SAns and other SAns who are willing to participate in the development of our country are too intelligent to let this happen. SA was never beautiful like it is today. During the apartheid years there were no bridges in the townships. The ANC has built not less than 15 bridges in Khayelitsha only. The Mycity bus in Cape Town and Reavaya in Johannesburg are a creation of the ANC government. The Gautrain is ANC idea. The dams in the highlands of Lesotho feeding SA is ANC''s idea. With all this infrastructure and you think we are slipping into the third world? We will become first world and the pigs must watch us with envy. We have built more than 2,5 million houses with electricity and water supply infrastructure. We have indeed dissappointed many pigs who thought we would have become a state of anarchy by now.I AM BLACK AND STRONG AND I HAVE MADE MY POINT Reply to Sello Posted by: termite | 2013/01/28 Sello GFY...no one one read cr*p..no one cares.Only an idiot would want to read about how a party started and how it is bringing a once beautiful country to its knees like the rest of the 3rd world countries in Africa. If they were so good, why is SA not first world, moron!!! Reply to termite Have your say Your name (optional) Your comment Security × Thanks for commenting! Your comment will appear on the site shortly. Search health advice Find an answer × Thanks for commenting! Your comment will appear on the site shortly. 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