Our expert says:
Goodness, with so many questions I think you need to have a session with a clinical dietitian (visit the Association for Dietetics in SA Website at: www.adsa.org.za and click on "Find a Dietitian" to find a dietitian in your area). However, I shall try to answer this flood of questions for you. You will have to avoid all crisps and cakes because you need to lower both your total and saturated fat intakes to improve your cholesterol. The only type of cake I can think of that does not contain lots of butter/margarine/oil is a meringue served with fresh fruit and No cream! Regarding high blood cholesterol levels, the "bad ingredients" in all foods, not just in cakes or crisps, are total fat, saturated fat, trans-fat and cholesterol. The best way to control your blood cholesterol levels is to avoid all foods that contain more than 3 g of total fat per 100g. So this cuts out all those foods that have a high total fat content but are low in saturated fat like those chips you mention. You will also have to make your own muesli from oats, dried fruit and a few nuts, because the muesli you mention contains 8 g of fat per 100g. Stick to looking at the values per 100g and keep in mind that all foods which contain more fat than 3 g per 100g are potentially harmful. You are after all not going to eat the whole 450 g of muesli at once. The ONLY exceptions to the 3g/100g rule, are nuts, avocado and healthy oils (olive, canola and avocado oils), but even with these foods you should limit your intake to 30g nuts per day, 1/4 avocado and 1-2 Tablespoons of the oil per day otherwise you will start gaining weight. Too much of anything can have negative effects. Moderation is the key. Experts agree that we should all have at least 30 min of exercise a day preferably 7 days a week.
Because it is evident that you are battling with the concept of using a low-fat, low-cholesterol, low-saturated fat diet, I would urge you to consult a dietitian as soon as possible. Also click on 'Diet' and 'You are what you eat' and read the 'Healthy Heart' section to obtain additional info that may help.
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