05 February 2014

Gastric banding may cause nutritional deficiencies

A study indicates that people who've had weight-loss surgery need to closely monitor their nutritional intake and may require dietary supplements.

People who've had weight-loss surgery need to closely monitor their nutritional intake and may require dietary supplements, according to the results of a small, new study.

Researchers looked at 23 patients who underwent gastric banding, a type of weight-loss procedure in which an adjustable band is placed around the top of the stomach to create a small stomach pouch.

Despite receiving nutritional counselling for three months after the procedure, many of the patients had nutritional deficiencies. At least 86% did not get the recommended daily amounts of vitamin D and calcium, a large number didn't get enough protein, and many were slightly anaemic, the investigators found.

Issues regarding nutritional intake

"Our study clearly shows that there are issues regarding nutritional intake in gastric banding patients. They may need not only supplementation, but also counselling and constant evaluation," study senior author Dr Abhimanyu Garg, chief of the division of nutrition and metabolic diseases at University of Texas South-western Medical Centre, said in a centre news release.

"Bariatric [weight-loss] surgery and the lifestyle changes necessary for continued success are serious lifelong commitments," Dr Michael Lee, director of metabolic and bariatric surgery at UT South-western, said in the news release.

"Dr Garg's study reinforces the importance of careful patient selection and education in choosing banding, sleeve, or bypass in addition to continued follow-up," Lee added.

Keeping your body healthy

Each year in the United States, 150 000 to 160 000 people undergo weight-loss procedures, according to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery.

Garg outlined a number of ways for people to keep their bodies healthy after weight-loss surgery. Eating more protein-rich foods will help meet protein requirements and also boost intake of vitamins and minerals, and eating fatty fish will provide omega-3 fatty acids, he said.

Patients also need to eat more fruits and vegetables, whole grains and nuts to ensure sufficient intake of dietary fibre and should replace saturated and trans fats with vegetable oils such as canola and olive oil to increase intake of monounsaturated fat, Garg added.

It also a good idea to cut back on processed foods in order to lower sodium intake, he said.

Read more:

Pros and cons of weight-loss surgery

Weight-loss surgery a viable option

Fruit and vegetables protect the stomach from gastric damage.

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